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Al Andalus, Almohad empire fall 1204 - 1287 by SalesWorlds Al Andalus, Almohad empire fall 1204 - 1287 by SalesWorlds
This maps continues the previous historical map of Andalusia: Al Andalus - Almohad Empire 1147 - 1203 The next is Emirate of Garnatah - 1287 - 1492

In 1212, the Almohad Caliph Muhammad 'al-Nasir', the successor of al-Mansur, after an initially successful advance north, was defeated by an alliance of the five Christian kings of Castile, León, Aragón, Navarre, and Portugal, at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in the Sierra Morena. The battle broke the Almohad advance, but the Christian powers remained too disorganized to profit from it immediately.

In 1225, Abdallah al-Bayyasi's band of rebels, accompanied by a large Castilian army, descended from the hills, besieging cities such as Jaén and Andújar. They raided throughout the regions of Jaén and Cordova and, before the end of the year, al-Bayyasi had established himself in the city of Cordova. Sensing the vacuity, both Alfonso IX of León and Sancho II of Portugal opportunistically ordered their own raids into Andalusian territory that same year. With Almohad arms, men and cash dispatched to Morocco to help Caliph al-Adil impose himself in Marrakesh, there was little means to stop the sudden onslaught. In late 1225, with surprising ease, the Portuguese raiders reached the environs of Seville. Knowing they were outnumbered, the Almohad governors of the city refused to confront the Portuguese raiders, prompting the disgusted population of Seville to take matters into their own hands, raise a militia, and go out in the field by themselves. The result was a veritable massacre – the Portuguese men-at-arms easily mowed down the throng of poorly armed townsfolk. Thousands, perhaps as much as 20,000, were said to have been slain before the walls of Seville. A similar disaster befell a similar popular levy by Murcians at Aspe that same year. But Christian raiders had been stopped at Cáceres and Requena. Trust in the Almohad leadership was severely shaken by these events – the disasters were promptly blamed on the distractions of Caliph al-Adil and the incompetence and cowardice of his lieutenants, the successes credited to non-Almohad local leaders who rallied defenses.

The departure of al-Ma'mun in 1228 marked the end of the Almohad era in Spain. But Ibn Hud and the other local Andalusian strongmen were unable to stem the rising flood of Christian attacks, launched almost yearly by Sancho II of Portugal, Alfonso IX of León, Ferdinand III of Castile and León (son of Alfonso IX of León) and James I of Aragon. The next twenty years saw a massive advance in the Christian reconquista – the old great Andalusian citadels fell in a grand sweep: Mérida and Badajoz in 1230 (to León), Majorca in 1230 (to Aragon), Beja in 1234 (to Portugal), Cordova in 1236 (to Castile and León), Valencia in 1238 (to Aragon), Niebla-Huelva in 1238 (to Castile and León), Silves in 1242 (to Portugal), Murcia in 1243 (to Castile and León), Jaén in 1246 (to Castile and León), Alicante in 1248 (to Castile and León), culminating in the fall of the greatest of Andalusian cities, the ex-Almohad capital of Seville, into Christian hands in 1248. Ferdinand III of Castile and León entered Seville as a conqueror on December 22, 1248.

With the departure of the Almohads, the Nasrid dynasty rose to power in Garnatah (Granada). After the great Christian advance of 1228–1248, the Emirate of Garnatah was practically all that remained of old al-Andalus.
:iconiasonkeltenkreuzler:
IasonKeltenkreuzler Featured By Owner Apr 13, 2018  Hobbyist Artist
Beautiful style :3
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:iconsalesworlds:
SalesWorlds Featured By Owner Apr 13, 2018  Professional Digital Artist
Thank you!
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